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六月份 第 12 課

  • 歷史上的今天------>
  • [12][11][10][09][08][07][06]

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  • (2013-06-18) ------

  • G8 Leaders Agree to End Ransom Payments to Terrorists
  • 8 國集團領導人同意停止向恐怖份子付贖金
  •   Leaders from the G8 nations have agreed to end ransom payments to terrorists holding hostages, but struggled to reach a consensus on how to deal with the two-year Syrian conflict.
  • 八國集團領導人同意停止向劫持人質的恐怖分子支付贖金的做法,但是在如何應對持續了兩年的敘利亞內戰的問題上,八國峰會難以達成共識。

  •   As the G8 heads of state neared the end of their two-day summit in Northern Ireland, British Prime Minister David Cameron won agreement to stop making payments for the release of hostages.
  • 在八國元首即將結束在北愛爾蘭舉行的兩天峰會之際,英國首相卡梅倫贏得了其他領導人的支援,各方同意不再為了讓恐怖份子釋放人質而支付贖金。

  •   Hostage-taking has increased in West Africa, especially in Nigeria, where Western oil companies have prominent operations.
  • 在西部非洲特別是尼日利亞等西方石油公司有重大業務的地區,劫持人質事件不斷增加。

  •   The G8 leaders also agreed to fight the "scourge" of tax evasion to ensure that multinational companies cannot hide their profits in overseas tax shelters.
  • 八國領導人還同意打擊跨國公司通過把利潤隱藏在海外避稅港而逃避繳稅的弊端。

  •   But the leaders were struggling to reach common ground on how to deal with the deadly warfare in Syria between forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad and rebels opposed to his government.
  • 然而,在如何應對敘利亞問題上,各國領導人難以找到共同點;忠於敘利亞總統巴沙爾‧阿薩德的軍隊正在與反政府武裝進行血腥廝殺。

  •   There were sharp divisions between Russian President Vladimir Putin and the other leaders.
  • 在敘利亞問題上,俄羅斯總統普京和其他領導人之間存在著尖銳的分歧。

  •   Mr. Putin, who is shipping more weapons to the Syrian government, and U.S. President Barack Obama, who has agreed to arm the rebels, met for two hours Monday, but only agreed that the conflict must end.
  • 俄羅斯總統普京向敘利亞政府運送武器,而美國總統歐巴馬最近批准向反政府武裝提供軍事援助;兩位總統星期一會晤了兩個小時,但只是同意敘利亞衝突必須結束。

  •   Later, the Russian leader acknowledged, "Of course our opinions do not converge," while Mr. Obama said the two men had "different perspectives."
  • 普京後來承認說,“我們的意見當然沒有交集”,而歐巴馬則說,他們兩人有 “不同視角”。

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  •    
  • (2013-06-18) ------

  • Obama Defends NSA Spying Programs
  • 歐巴馬為國安監控項目辯護
  •   U.S. President Barack Obama is defending the government's top-secret surveillance programs, while acknowledging widespread concerns the efforts are violating the privacy rights of ordinary Americans.
  • 美國總統歐巴馬為政府最機密的監視項目進行辯護,他同時承認,人們普遍擔心這些做法正在侵犯美國普通公民的隱私權。

  •   In a television interview broadcast late Monday on PBS, Mr. Obama insisted the National Security Agency is operating its phone and Internet monitoring efforts within the law.
  • 歐巴馬星期一晚間接受 PBS 電視採訪時堅持說,國家安全局(NSA)的電話和網際網路監視行動是在法律允許範圍之內的。

  •   He said, "What I can say unequivocally is that if you are a U.S. person, the NSA cannot listen to your telephone calls, and the NSA cannot target your emails. And have not.
  • 歐巴馬說:“我可以毫不猶豫地說,如果你是美國人,國安局不能竊聽你的電話,不能把目標對準你的電郵;他們沒有這樣做。

  •   They cannot and have not, by law and by rule, and unless they - and usually it would not be they, it would be the FBI - go to a court and obtain a warrant."
  • 他們不能、也沒有這樣做,這是法律和規定,--- 除非他們去法庭申請許可,而通常也不是他們,而是聯調局去這樣做。”

  •   The president has been under fire since last week's revelations of the NSA programs by the British newspaper The Guardian and The Washington Post.
  • 自從上星期英國《衛報》和美國《華盛頓郵報》披露了國安局秘密監控項目之後,歐巴馬總統一直陷於被動。

  •   He says he has ordered intelligence officials to release as much information as possible "without further compromising the program."
  • 他說,他已經下令情報官員在 “不進一步損害這一項目” 的前提下,盡可能公佈有關資訊。

  •   Mr. Obama also said he has created a privacy and civil liberties oversight board to review the NSA efforts.
  • 歐巴馬還說,他已設立了一個隱私和民權監督委員會來審議國家安全局的做法。

  •   Earlier Monday, a report published in The Guardian said documents obtained from former U.S. intelligence contractor Edward Snowden, the man who exposed the NSA programs, show that Britain spied on diplomats attending the 2009 Group of 20 summit in London.
  • 星期一早些時候,《衛報》刊登的一則報導說,從前美國情報合同工、國安監聽項目洩密人愛德華‧斯諾登那裏獲取的文件顯示,英國曾對出席 2009 年倫敦 20 國集團峰會的外交人員進行了竊聽。

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